Book Reviews

Bones of Contention

A Creationist Assessment of Human Fossils

Marvin L. Lubenow Grand Rapids 2004-10-01

One of the most popular ideas presented in support of human evolution is the “parade” of fifteen artists’ drawings that seek to visualize how modern man ascended from protoapes through various stages of apelike creatures and semi-humans. Lubenow, who has researched creationism and evolutionism for thirty-five years, presents a thorough and scholarly critique of this evolutionary parade of so-called ape-men.

Lubenow discusses in great detail the alleged human fossil chain from the early Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, and modern humans. In recounting the numerous fossil discoveries in the last decades Lubenow gives thorough scientific support for several points, all of which are devastating to evolution: (1) Brain size is no determiner of the degree of culture or morality. (2) No transition from nonhumans (such as the Australopithecines) to humans has ever been discovered. (3) So-called Homo habilis and Homo erectus fossils are fully human and are not supposed “missing links.” (4) The fossil records show that Homo erectus, Homo sapiens, and Neanderthal men were contemporaries and were not in separate categories on an evolutionary ladder, each separated by millions of years. (5) Evolutionists are wrongheaded in their attempts to use radiocarbon to date “ape-men” fossils as millions of years old. (6) The fossil record was produced a few thousand years ago by the cataclysm of the universal Flood. (7) DNA does not support the evolutionists’ claim that Neanderthals were less than fully human. (8) Geography and genetic variations help explain the anatomical differences between human fossil material. (9) Australopithecines are extinct, nonhuman, African primates, not the beginning of a human evolutionary chain.

Humans are distinct from the animal world because they are made in the image of God. This means they have moral sensitivity and the ability to reason. This fact is cleverly stated in the title of Lubenow’s chapter 30, “Never Discuss Theology with a Chimp.”

This masterful, in-depth evaluation of the theory of human evolution stands as a strong contribution in support of scientific creationism.

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Roy B. Zuck
Roy B. Zuck, was senior professor emeritus of Bible Exposition at Dallas Theological Seminary and editor of Bibliotheca Sacra.
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