Gordon H. Johnston

Dr. Johnston possesses a generalist’s breadth and a specialist’s depth. He is known for thorough research and meticulous detail, as well as ability to pull together all the pieces so students can see the whole of Scripture in all its color and beauty. Dr Johnston has degrees in Classical Greek (BA), Biblical Greek and Hebrew (ThM), as well as Hebrew and Semitic languages (ThD). During his 2010-11 sabbatical, he was visiting research professor at the University of Chicago, where he studied Hittite. He has participated in archaeological excavations in Israel and has taught overseas in India. His research, writing and teaching interests include the wisdom literature (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs), selected topics in Old Testament biblical theology (Biblical Covenants, Law of God), and special issues in hermeneutics (Messianic Prophecy, Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament). Dr. Johnston has published many scholarly articles and essays; regularly presents papers at national meetings of academic societies; and has published a book on the Messiah in the Old Testament. Gordon and his wife Danielle have been married more than thirty years; they have three children.

Gordon H. Johnston’s Journal Articles

Contributions to Books

  • “Old Testament Community and Spiritual Formation,” in Foundations of Spiritual Formation: A Community Approach to Becoming Like Christ. Pp. 71‐102. Edited by Paul Pettit. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2008.
  • “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Gallows! Irony, Humor, and Other Literary Features of the Book of Esther,” in Giving the Sense: Understanding and Using Old Testament Historical Texts, pp. 380‐406. Edited by David Howard Jr. and Michael A. Grisanti. Grand Rapids: Kregel Books, 2003.
  • “Exodus,” in Bible Knowledge Commentary: Word Study Edition, 1:155‐257. Edited by Eugene H. Merrill. Grand Rapids: Cook Communications, 2003.
  • “Proverbs,” Bible Knowledge Commentary: Word Study Edition, Volume 4. Edited by Eugene H. Merrill. Grand Rapids: Cook Communications, 2007.
  • “Ecclesiastes,” Bible Knowledge Commentary: Word Study Edition, Volume 4. Edited by Eugene H. Merrill. Grand Rapids: Cook Communications, 2007.
  • “Song of Songs,” Bible Knowledge Commentary: Word Study Edition, Volume 4. Edited by Eugene H. Merrill. Grand Rapids: Cook Communications, 2007.

Short Articles

  • “אָדוֹן (lord, master),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:256‐261. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “אַלּוּף (tribal chief, prince),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:406‐410. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “בָּדָא (empty speech),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:598‐600. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “בָּטָה (vow rashly),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:642‐644. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “גָּשַׁשׁ (touch, grope),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:902‐903. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “הָבַל (vain, empty speech),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:1003‐1005. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “הָמֻלָה (noisy crowd),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 1:1044‐1046. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997
  • “לָפַת (grasp, touch),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 2:810‐811. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “מָשַׁשׁ (examine, search, grope),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 2:1145‐1147. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “סָךְ (ritual procession),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:247‐248. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “סָרִיס (commander, eunuch),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:288‐295. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “סֶ֫רֶן (Philistine prince),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:295‐298. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “פֶּחָה (provincial governor),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:599‐608. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “פָּקִיד (commander, governor, appointee),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:667‐670. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “רַב (commander, captain),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:1028‐1034. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “רִגְמָה (festive throng),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. 3:1050‐1052. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “תָּפַס // תָּפַשׁ (feel, touch),” in The New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols. Edited by Willem A. VanGemeren, et al. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.
  • “The Eschatology of Isaiah,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 184‐190. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “The Eschatology of Jeremiah,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 204‐207. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “Old Testament Descriptions of the Kingdom,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 267‐272. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “Antiochian Hermeneutics,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 144‐147. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “Reformation Hermeneutics,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 163‐171. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “Post‐Reformation Hermeneutics,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 154‐162. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “Antiochian Hermeneutics,” “Reformation Hermeneutics,” “Post‐Reformation Hermeneutics,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 184‐190. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “Reformation Hermeneutics,” “Post‐Reformation Hermeneutics,” in Dictionary of Premillennialism, pp. 184‐190. Edited by Mal Couch. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 1997.
  • “The Book of Nahum,” in The Baker Illustrated Bible Background Commentary.  Edited by J. Daniel Hays and  J. Scott Duvall.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic Books, forthcoming 2018.
  • “The Song of Songs,” in The Baker Illustrated Bible Background Commentary.  Edited by J. Daniel Hays and  J. Scott Duvall.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic Books, forthcoming 2018.

Papers Presented at Academic Societies

  • “The Messiah in the Pentateuch,” Invited Paper Presented to the Pentateuch Section, National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, San Antonio, 2016.
  • “What Biblicists Need to Know about Hittite Treaties and Royal Grants,” Invited Paper Presented to the Old Testament Backgrounds and Ancient Near East Section, National Meeting of Evangelical Theological Society, San Antonio, 2016.
  • “What Biblicists Need to Know About Ancient Hittite Treaties,” Paper Presented at the Southwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, Dallas, 2016.
  • “God’s Creation of Adam from Soil/Clay/Dust (rp;[;): Does Genesis 2:7 Point to a Particular Model of Creation?”  Paper Presented to the Department of Theology at LeTourneau University for the Annual Theological Symposium Series, February 2013.
  • “Hermeneutics and Reading Biblical Creation Accounts,” Paper Presented to the Department of Theology at LeTourneau University for the Annual Theological Symposium Series, February 2013.
  • “Creation and Sabbath: Genesis 1:1—2:3 in the Light of Exodus 20:8—11 and 31:12—17,” Invited Paper presented to the Templeton Genesis 1 Workshop, Boca Raton: September 2011.
  • “The Nature of the Davidic Covenant in the Light of Intertextual Analysis,” Invited Paper Presented to the Old Testament Narrative Literature Study Group, National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, San Francisco: 2011.
  • “A Critical Evaluation of Moshe Weinfeld’s Approach to the Davidic Covenant in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Royal Grants: What Did He Get Right & What Did He Get Wrong?” Paper presented to the Old Testament and Ancient Near East Study Group, National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, San Francisco: 2011.
  • “What Did the Hebrew Prophets Know about the Messiah and When Did They Know It?”  Paper presented to the Jeremiah and Ezekiel Section, National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, Atlanta: 2010.
  • “Contextual and Canonical Readings: Messianic Trajectories in the Old Testament,” Paper presented to the Book Review Session, National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, Atlanta: 2010.
  • “Revisiting Moshe Weinfeld’s Comparative and Traditio-Historical Analysis of the Promissory and Obligatory Passages Related to the Abrahamic Covenant,” Paper presented to the Pentateuch Section, National Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta: 2010.
  • “The Promissory and Obligatory Features of God’s Covenant with Abraham in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Royal Grants and Grant Treaties,” Paper presented to the Hebrew Scriptures and Cognate Literature Section, National Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, Atlanta: 2010.
  • “The Smoking Brazier and Flaming Torch in Genesis 15:17 in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Literature and Ritual,” Paper Presented to the Cognate Languages and Literature Study Group, National Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, November 2008
  • “The ‘Unconditional’ and ‘Conditional’ Passages in the Abrahamic Covenant In the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Royal Land Grants & Grant Treaties,” A Paper Presented to the Pentateuch Study Group Section, National Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, November 2008
  • The ‘Unconditional’ and ‘Conditional’ Features of the Davidic Covenant in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Grants and Grant Treaties,” Paper Presented to the Historical Literature Study Group, National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2008
  • “Just An Old Fashioned Love Song? Literary Archetypes & Trajectories in Song of Songs” Paper Presented to the Wisdom Literature Study Group; National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2008
  • “What Did the Ancient Israelites Know About the Messiah and When Did They Know It?” Plenary Paper #1 Presented at the Midwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2007
  • “What Did the Postexilic Community Know About the Messiah and When Did They Know It?” Series of Four Plenary Papers Presented at the Midwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2007
  • “Abrahamic Covenant, Contingently Unconditional Covenants of Grant, and Covenant Nomism,” Paper Presented at the Southwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2006
  • “A Test‐Case for the Integration of Secular Wisdom and Biblical Counsel: The Integration of Instruction of Amenemope into Proverbs 22:17‐23:11,” Paper Presented at Southwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2006
  • “The Oven and Torch Passing Between the Pieces (Genesis 15:17): Unilateral Covenant Ritual or Prophetic Symbol Dream?” Paper Presented at the Southwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2005
  • “The Passing between the Disjecta Membra in Genesis 15:17 in the Light of Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Rituals,” Paper Presented at Southwest Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2006
  • “The Abrahamic and Davidic Covenants in the Light of Hittite Grant-Treaties: A Critical Re-Evaluation of Moshe Weinfeld’s Approach,” Invited Paper Presented to the Annual Theological Symposium of Biblical Division Faculty of Lancaster Bible College, Spring 2006
  • “Genesis 1:1—2:3 in the Light of Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths,” Paper Presented to the Annual Theological Symposium of Biblical Division Faculty of Lancaster Bible College, Spring 2006
  • “God’s Covenant with Abraham in Genesis 15: A Contingently Unconditional Royal Grant?” Paper Presented at the National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2004
  • “The Torch and Brazier Passing between the Pieces (Gen 15:17): Does It Really Symbolize Unilateral and Unconditional Covenant?” Paper Presented at the National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2004
  • “God’s Covenant with Abraham (Gen 15) in the Light of ancient Near Eastern Oath‐Taking Rituals,” Paper Presented at the Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2004
  • “The Efficacy of Petitionary Prayer: An Old Testament Test‐Case,” Paper Presented at the National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2003.
  • “The Enigmatic Literary Structure of the Song of Songs,” Paper Presented at the National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2001.
  • “The Rhetorical Function of the Half‐Acrostic of Nahum 1,” Paper Presented at the National Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, November 2000.
  • “Unlocking the Enigma of the Song of Songs: Contributions of the Past Generation of Scholarship,” Paper Presented at the Regional Meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society, March 2000.

Bible Translations

  • Translator: “Ecclesiastes,” “Song of Songs,” “Lamentations,” “Hosea,” “Nahum,” in The NET (New English Translation) Bible. Dallas: Biblical Studies Press, 2005.
  • Editor: “Ezra,” “Nehemiah,” “Esther,” “Proverbs,” “Ruth,” “Joel,” “Obadiah,” “Jonah,” Jeremiah,” “Micah,” “Joel,” “1‐2 Chronicles,” in The NET (New English Translation) Bible. Dallas: Biblical Studies Press, 2005.
  • Translator: “Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Nahum,” in The Lexham English Bible.  Bellingham, WA:  Logos Bible Software, 2011.

Journal Articles

  • “The Enigmatic Genre and Structure of the Song of Songs.” Bibliotheca Sacra (166:3). 2009. 289‐305.
  • “The Enigmatic Genre and Structure of the Song of Songs, Part 2.” Bibliotheca Sacra (166:2). 2009. 163‐180.
  • “The Enigmatic Genre and Structure of the Song of Songs, Part 1.” Bibliotheca Sacra (166:1). 2009. 36‐52.
  • “Genesis 1 and Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths.” Bibliotheca Sacra (165:2). 2008. 178‐194.
  • “Nahum’s Rhetorical Allusions to Neo-Assyrian Conquest Metaphors.” Bibliotheca Sacra (159:633). 2002. 21-45.
  • “Nahum’s Rhetorical Allusions to Neo-Assyrian Treaty Curses.” Bibliotheca Sacra (158:632). 2001. 415-436.
  • “Nahum’s Rhetorical Allusions to the Neo-Assyrian Lion Motif.” Bibliotheca Sacra (158:631). 2001. 287-307.
  • Review of “Old Testament Theology.” Bibliotheca Sacra (157:627). 2000. 367-368.
  • Review of “The Flood Myth.” Bibliotheca Sacra (146). 1989. 231-232.

Gordon H. Johnston’s Contributions

Dr. Bock and guest recording The Table podcast

Does the Old Testament Condone Violence?

In this episode, Drs. Darrell L. Bock and Gordon Johnston discuss morality, violence, and Old Testament…
June 23, 2020
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Old Testament Fulfillment in the Christmas Story – Classic

In this episode, Mikel Del Rosario, Drs. David K. Lowery, Gordon H. Johnston, and Darrell L.…
December 24, 2019
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Jesus and the Royal Psalms

In this episode, Mikel Del Rosario, Darrell Bock, and Gordon Johnston discuss the Royal Psalms in…
December 17, 2019

Doctor Who Meets Moses

Darrell Bock, executive director of Cultural Engagement and senior research Professor of New Testament Studies, and…
October 15, 2019
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Old Testament Fulfillment in the Christmas Story

In this episode, Mikel Del Rosario, Drs. David K. Lowery, Gordon H. Johnston, and Darrell L.…
December 18, 2018
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Stewardship and the Creation Mandate – Classic

In this classic episode, Dr. Darrell Bock, Bill Hendricks, and Dr. Gordon Johnston discuss faith and…
August 7, 2018
Dr. Bock and guest recording The Table podcast

Cultural Engagement Chapel: Treaties, Covenants, and Moses

Dr. Gordon Johnston, professor of Old Testament, joins Dr. Darrell Bock in a discussion regarding the…
March 21, 2018

Cultural Engagement Chapel: The Exodus

Dr. Gordon Johnston, DTS Professor of Old Testament Studies, joins Dr. Darrell Bock in the discussion…
February 22, 2017
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Stewardship and the Creation Mandate

In this episode, Dr. Darrell Bock, Bill Hendricks and Dr. Gordon Johnston discuss faith and work,…
January 24, 2017
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Classic: Genocide in the Old Testament

Dr. Darrell Bock talks with Dr. Bob Chisholm and Dr. Gordon Johnston about issues of genocide…
June 21, 2016
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Validating Genesis

Dr. Darrell Bock sits and talks with Drs. Robert Chisholm and Gordon Johnston, professors of Old…
April 28, 2016

14 Reasons Why Song of Solomon Probably Doesn’t Tell a Single Love Story

The narrative approach to the Song of Solomon has been popularized by several writers. While this…
February 14, 2015
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Chapel: Genocide in the Old Testament

Dr. Darrell Bock talks with Dr. Bob Chisholm and Dr. Gordon Johnston about issues of genocide…
November 18, 2014
Guest speaker recording The Table podcast

Recent Archaeological Finds

In this episode, Dr. Darrell Bock, Dr. Steven Ortiz, and Dr. Gordon Johnston discuss archaeology and…
November 11, 2014
Dr. Bock and guests recording The Table podcast

Archaeology and the Bible

In this episode, Dr. Darrell Bock, Dr. Steven Ortiz, and Dr. Gordon Johnston discuss archaeology and…
November 4, 2014
man standing at podium speaking at DTS Chapel

The Problem of Waiting On God

Dr. Gordon Johnston, Professor of Old Testament Studies, speaks from Isaiah 30, reminding us that although…
August 6, 2014

Genocide in the Old Testament

Dr. Darrell Bock talks with Dr. Bob Chisholm and Dr. Gordon Johnston about issues of genocide…
December 4, 2013

Taste and See!

Dr. Gordon Johnston, Professor of Old Testament Studies, explains that God invites us to turn to…
July 11, 2012

How To Overcome Evangelphobia

Associate Professor of Old Testament Studies, Dr. Gordon Johnston, shares with us four ways we can…
March 26, 2010

God's Sovereign, Yet Unseen Intervention

Dr. Gordon Johnston, Associate Professor of Old Testament Studies, identifies a unique sign of God's sovereignty…
August 1, 2000
man walking outside the DTS library

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